Former President Donald J. Trump’s authorized crew mounted a combative protection on Friday targeted extra on assailing Democrats for “hypocrisy” and “hatred” than justifying Mr. Trump’s personal monthslong effort to overturn a democratic election that culminated in final month’s lethal assault on the Capitol.

After days of powerful video footage exhibiting a mob of Trump supporters beating law enforcement officials, chasing lawmakers and threatening to kill the vice chairman and Home speaker, Mr. Trump’s attorneys denied that he had incited what they known as a “small group” that turned violent. As a substitute, they tried to show the tables by calling out Democrats for their very own language, which they deemed simply as incendiary as Mr. Trump’s.

In so doing, the previous president’s attorneys went after not simply the Home Democrats serving as managers, or prosecutors, within the Senate impeachment trial, however half of the jurors sitting in entrance of them within the chamber. A rat-a-tat-tat montage of video clips performed by the Trump crew confirmed almost each Democratic senator in addition to President Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris utilizing the phrase “struggle” or the phrase “fight like hell” simply as Mr. Trump did at a rally of supporters on Jan. 6 simply earlier than the siege of the Capitol.

“All of the sudden, the phrase ‘struggle’ is off limits?” mentioned Michael T. van der Veen, one of many attorneys hurriedly employed in current days to defend Mr. Trump. “Spare us the hypocrisy and false indignation. It’s a time period that’s used over and time and again by politicians on each side of the aisle. And, in fact, the Democrat Home managers know that the phrase ‘struggle’ has been used figuratively in political speech endlessly.”

To emphasise the purpose, the Trump crew performed a few of the similar clips 4 or 5 instances in lower than three hours as a few of the Democratic senators shook their heads and at the very least one in every of their Republican colleagues laughed appreciatively. The attorneys argued that the trial was “shameful” and “a deliberate try by the Democrat Social gathering to smear, censor and cancel” an opponent after which rested their case with out utilizing even 1 / 4 of the 16 hours allotted to the previous president’s protection.

Within the course of, they tried to successfully slim the prosecution’s “incitement of insurrection” case as if it centered solely on their shopper’s use of that one phrase in that one speech as an alternative of the relentless marketing campaign that Mr. Trump waged since final summer season to discredit an election he would ultimately lose and impress his supporters to assist him cling to energy.

“They actually didn’t tackle the details of the case in any respect,” mentioned Consultant Jamie Raskin, Democrat of Maryland and the lead impeachment supervisor. “There have been a pair propaganda reels about Democratic politicians that will be excluded in any courtroom within the land. They speak in regards to the guidelines of proof — all of that was completely irrelevant to the case earlier than us.”

After the Trump crew’s abbreviated and at instances factually challenged defense, the senators posed their very own questions, usually utilizing their queries to attain political factors. The questions, a complete of 28 submitted in writing and browse by a clerk, urged that the majority Republicans remained prone to vote to acquit Mr. Trump when the Senate reconvenes for last arguments at 10 a.m. Saturday, blocking the two-thirds supermajority required by the Structure for conviction.

Among the few Republicans regarded as open to conviction, together with Senators Mitt Romney of Utah, Susan Collins of Maine and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, grilled the attorneys about what Mr. Trump knew and when he knew it throughout the assault. The managers have argued that it was not simply the president’s phrases and actions prematurely of the assault that betrayed his oath, however his failure to behave extra assertively to cease his supporters after it began.

Responding to the senators, the protection attorneys pointed to mildly worded messages and a video that Mr. Trump posted on Twitter after the building was stormed calling on his supporters to not use violence whereas nonetheless endorsing their trigger and telling them that he liked them. The managers repeated that Mr. Trump by no means made a robust, express name on the rioters to halt the assault, nor did he ship assist.

Mr. Romney and Senator Bill Cassidy, Republican of Louisiana, zeroed in on Mr. Trump’s failure to exhibit concern for his personal vice chairman, Mike Pence, who was focused for demise by the previous president’s supporters as a result of he refused to try to block finalization of the election. Even after Mr. Pence was evacuated from the Senate chamber that day, Mr. Trump attacked him on Twitter, saying that “Mike Pence didn’t have the braveness to do what ought to have been achieved.”

Mr. van der Veen advised the senators that “at no level was the president knowledgeable that the vice chairman was in any hazard.” However in actual fact, Senator Tommy Tuberville, Republican of Alabama, advised reporters this week that he spoke by phone with Mr. Trump throughout the assault and advised him that Mr. Pence had been rushed out of the chamber. Officers have mentioned that Mr. Trump by no means known as Mr. Pence to test on his security and didn’t communicate with him for days.

One other new account emerged because the trial broke for the day, probably including to senators’ understanding of Mr. Trump’s frame of mind simply earlier than they rendered a verdict. Consultant Jaime Herrera Beutler, Republican of Washington, who voted to question final month, confirmed a report by CNN that when Consultant Kevin McCarthy, the Republican chief, known as Mr. Trump throughout the assault and pleaded with him to name off the riot, the president advised him, “Properly, Kevin, I suppose these individuals are extra upset in regards to the election than you might be.” A spokesman for Mr. McCarthy didn’t reply to a request for remark, however Ms. Herrera Beutler mentioned he had relayed particulars of the dialog to her instantly, and she or he issued an announcement pleading with White Home witnesses, probably together with Mr. Pence, to return ahead and say what they knew.

The protection crew struggled to keep away from instantly addressing what managers known as Mr. Trump’s “large lie” that the election was stolen, which led his supporters to invade the Capitol to attempt to cease Congress from counting the Electoral Faculty votes ratifying the consequence. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, an impartial who caucuses with the Democrats, challenged Mr. Trump’s attorneys to say whether or not they consider he truly received the election.

“My judgment?” Mr. van der Veen replied derisively after which demanded: “Who requested that?”

“I did,” Mr. Sanders known as out from his seat.

“My judgment’s irrelevant on this continuing,” Mr. van der Veen mentioned, prompting an eruption from Democratic senators. He repeated that “it’s irrelevant” to the query of whether or not Mr. Trump incited the riot.

Senate Democrats dismissed the protection’s efforts to equate Mr. Trump’s actions with Democratic speeches. “They’re making an attempt to attract a harmful and distorted equivalence,” Senator Richard Blumenthal, Democrat of Connecticut, advised reporters throughout a break within the trial. “I believe it’s plainly a distraction from Donald Trump inviting the mob to Washington.”

However for Republicans in search of causes to acquit Mr. Trump, the protection was greater than sufficient. “The president’s attorneys blew the Home managers’ case out of the water,” mentioned Senator Ron Johnson, Republican of Wisconsin.

Even Ms. Murkowski, who called on Mr. Trump to resign after the Capitol siege, mentioned the protection crew was “extra on their sport” than throughout the trial’s opening day this week, though by day’s finish, she indicated to a reporter she was agonizing over the choice.

“It’s been 5 weeks — lower than 5 weeks — since an occasion that shook the very core the very basis of our democracy,” she mentioned. “And we’ve had lots to course of since then.”

Throughout the query interval, senators intently watched for clues about the place their colleagues stood. Though most lawmakers nonetheless guessed that solely a handful of Republicans would vote to convict, a further group of Republicans, together with Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority chief, have mentioned nearly nothing to colleagues in regards to the unfolding trial in personal or throughout each day luncheons earlier than it convenes, prompting hypothesis that they might be making ready to interrupt from the get together.

The managers want 17 Republicans to affix all 50 Democrats to succeed in the two-thirds required for conviction. Whereas Mr. Trump can not be faraway from workplace as a result of his time period has ended, he might be barred from ever looking for public workplace once more.

The previous president had bother recruiting a authorized crew to defend him. The attorneys who represented him final 12 months throughout his first impeachment trial didn’t come again for this one, and the set of attorneys he initially employed for this continuing backed out in disagreement over technique.

Bruce L. Castor Jr., the chief of this third set, was widely criticized for his preliminary presentation on Tuesday, together with reportedly by Mr. Trump, and his colleague David I. Schoen briefly quit on Thursday night in a dispute over easy methods to use videotape of their presentation.

Mr. Castor and Mr. Schoen have been largely supplanted on Friday by Mr. van der Veen, who has no lengthy historical past with the president and in reality was reported to have as soon as called Mr. Trump a “crook” with an expletive, an announcement he has denied. Simply final 12 months, Mr. van der Veen represented a shopper suing Mr. Trump over moves that might limit mail-in voting and accused the president of constructing claims with “no proof.”

However Mr. van der Veen on Friday supplied the type of aggressive efficiency that Mr. Trump prefers from his representatives as he accused the opposite aspect of “doctoring the proof” with “manipulated video,” all to advertise “a preposterous and monstrous lie” that the previous president inspired violence.

A private harm lawyer whose Philadelphia legislation agency solicits slip-and-fall purchasers on the radio and whose web site boasts of profitable judgments stemming from auto accidents and one case “involving a dog bite,” Mr. van der Veen proceeded to lecture Mr. Raskin, who taught constitutional legislation at American College for greater than 25 years, in regards to the Structure. The managers’ arguments, Mr. van der Veen mentioned, have been “lower than I might count on from a first-year legislation pupil.”

He and his colleagues argued that Mr. Trump was exercising his free-speech rights in his fiery address to a rally before supporters broke into the Capitol. The attorneys leaned closely on Mr. Trump’s single use of the phrase “peacefully” as he urged backers to march to the Capitol whereas minimizing the 20 instances he used the phrase “struggle.”

“No considering particular person may critically consider that the president’s Jan. 6 speech on the Ellipse was in any approach an incitement to violence or riot,” Mr. van der Veen mentioned. “The suggestion is patently absurd on its face. Nothing within the textual content may ever be construed as encouraging, condoning or inciting illegal exercise of any sort.”

Delicate to the cost that Mr. Trump endangered law enforcement officials, who have been overwhelmed and in a single case killed throughout the assault, the attorneys performed video clips by which he known as himself a “legislation and order president” together with photographs of antiracism protests that turned violent final summer season.

They likewise confirmed video clips of Democrats objecting to Electoral Faculty votes in previous years when Republicans received, together with Mr. Raskin in 2017 when Mr. Trump’s victory was sealed, evaluating them with Mr. Trump’s criticism of the 2020 election. On the similar time, these movies additionally confirmed Mr. Biden, then vice chairman, gaveling these protests out of order.

Stacey Plaskett, a Democratic delegate from the Virgin Islands and one of many managers, objected that most of the faces proven within the movies of Democratic politicians and road protesters have been Black. “It was not misplaced on me so a lot of them have been individuals of coloration and girls, Black ladies,” she mentioned. “Black ladies like myself who’re sick and bored with being sick and drained for our kids.”

The protection attorneys contended that Democrats have been pursuing Mr. Trump out of private and partisan animosity, utilizing the phrase “hatred” 15 instances throughout their formal presentation, and so they solid the trial as an effort to suppress a political opponent and his supporters.

“It’s about canceling 75 million Trump voters and criminalizing political viewpoints,” Mr. Castor mentioned. “That’s what this trial is basically about. It’s the solely existential subject earlier than us. It asks for constitutional cancel tradition to take over in america Senate. Are we going to permit canceling and banning and silencing to be sanctioned on this physique?”

Emily Cochrane and Maggie Haberman contributed reporting.