WASHINGTON — Infrastructure funding has historically been a broadly bipartisan challenge on Capitol Hill, however on Friday evening President Biden’s sweeping infrastructure invoice handed largely alongside occasion strains.

Solely 19 members of Congress broke with their events on the invoice, which handed 228 to 206 with Democrats largely supporting the laws and Republicans largely opposed.

So who have been these 19 lawmakers — 13 Republicans and 6 Democrats — who bucked their events? They are often damaged down roughly into three camps: Republicans who consulted with negotiators on the invoice; Republicans who keep the occasion’s conventional view that funding infrastructure is extra necessary than preventing a president of a distinct occasion; and members of the liberal group often called the Squad.

Six Democrats who’re a part of the progressive group often called “The Squad” — Jamaal Bowman of New York, Cori Bush of Missouri, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York, Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, Ayanna S. Pressley of Massachusetts and Rashida Tlaib of Michigan — voted in opposition to Mr. Biden’s plan to spend $550 billion in new funds over 10 years to shore up roads, bridges and highways, enhance web entry and modernize the nation’s energy grid.

The Squad has grown from 4 to 6 members since 2019, when Ms. Ocasio-Cortez, the highest-profile progressive on Capitol Hill, entered Congress. Its members have been among the many main supporters of the technique to make use of the infrastructure invoice as leverage for passing Mr. Biden’s broader agenda: a $1.85 trillion social security internet and local weather change invoice.

Ms. Ocasio-Cortez has argued that the provisions in Mr. Biden’s invoice to fight climate change are wanted to offset the impression on the atmosphere from a surge in funding for development tasks.

Passing the infrastructure invoice with out the bigger home coverage package deal “makes our emissions & local weather disaster worse,” she wrote on Twitter in October. “It retains us within the emissions crimson.”

Her place was shared by the almost 100-member Congressional Progressive Caucus till centrist Democrats who had been holdouts on the broader invoice pledged Friday evening that they’d vote for it no later than the week of Nov. 15, until the Congressional Price range Workplace determines its prices are “inconsistent” with the $1.85 trillion estimate put forth by Mr. Biden’s workers.

Whereas most progressives then agreed to vote for the invoice, members of the Squad didn’t view the centrists’ assurances as adequate and selected to stay with their place of demanding each payments move on the similar time. Ms. Bush mentioned that passing the infrastructure invoice alone “jeopardized our leverage” on the broader invoice — which includes monthly payments to families with children, common prekindergarten, well being care subsidies and a four-week paid family and medical leave program — and endangered progressives’ capacity to “enhance the livelihood of our well being care employees, our youngsters, our caregivers, our seniors, and the way forward for the environment.”

Nonetheless, Ms. Pressley solid her vote in opposition to the infrastructure invoice after it had sufficient votes to move.

That place infuriated some reasonable Democrats. One among them, Consultant Tom Suozzi of New York, equated the opposition of left-leaning fellow New Yorkers like Ms. Ocasio-Cortez and Mr. Bowman with far-right Republicans like Lee Zeldin of New York for voting in opposition to a invoice that might funnel billions of {dollars} into the state for subways, sewers and broadband.

“That doesn’t make any sense,” Mr. Suozzi, who’s considering a run for governor, informed reporters at a New York political conclave in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on Saturday. “These are two sides of the identical coin: Folks to date out on the perimeter as a substitute of attempting to get stuff carried out to assist individuals and make individuals’s lives higher. That’s what persons are sick and bored with.”

Eight Republicans who voted in favor of the infrastructure invoice — Don Bacon of Nebraska, Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania, Andrew Garbarino of New York, Anthony Gonzalez of Ohio, John Katko of New York, Tom Reed of New York, Christopher H. Smith of New Jersey and Fred Upton of Michigan — have been a part of a bipartisan group of lawmakers who helped negotiate the infrastructure bill this summer, consulting with centrists in the Senate.

The group often called the Drawback Solvers Caucus, together with Mr. Fitzpatrick, the Republican co-chairman, had as soon as hoped to ship as many as 29 Republican Home votes for the invoice, however noticed members fall away once Representative Kevin McCarthy, the House minority leader, and other top Republicans opposed it as they ramped up their campaign against Mr. Biden’s agenda.

Nonetheless, with enhancements to highways, bridges, dams, public transit, rail, ports, airports, water high quality and broadband coming to the districts, eight members of the group solid their votes in favor of the plan.

Mr. Garbarino, who represents a part of Lengthy Island, cited the advantages for New York — together with $24.9 billion for highways, bridges and transit; $15 billion to switch lead service strains for consuming water; and $470 million for New York’s Kennedy, La Guardia, MacArthur and Republic airports — amongst his causes for embracing the invoice.

The vote “was about roads, bridges, and clear water,” he mentioned. “It was about actual individuals, and the tangible motion Congress may take to higher their lives by rebuilding and revitalizing our nation’s crumbling infrastructure.”

The Republicans who voted in favor of the invoice confronted backlash from some hard-right members of their occasion. Consultant Marjorie Taylor Greene of Georgia posted their workplace cellphone numbers on Twitter and accused them of handing over their “voting playing cards to Nancy Pelosi to move Joe Biden’s communist takeover of America.”

A last group of 5 Home Republicans joined members of the Drawback Solvers Caucus in bucking their occasion to assist the invoice. This group — Adam Kinzinger of Illinois, Don Younger of Alaska, Nicole Malliotakis of New York, David B. McKinley of West Virginia and Jeff Van Drew of New Jersey — will be roughly outlined as embracing the occasion’s traditionalist view of funding infrastructure.

Mr. Younger, 88, is the Republican Get together’s longest-serving member, having represented Alaska for 25 phrases. He endorsed the invoice in September, arguing the occasion has at all times supported funding roads and bridges and emphasizing that previous infrastructure votes have been “darn close to” unanimous.

“We want infrastructure on this nation now,” Mr. Younger said. “That is the final alternative we’ve got to ensure these potholes are stuffed, these airports run proper, that bridges are protected and our financial system can proceed to develop.”

Others, a lot newer to Congress, mentioned they shared Mr. Younger’s view on the difficulty.

Ms. Malliotakis, who’s in her first time period representing Staten Island, launched a press release explaining her vote that listed varied tasks the funding may assist in her neighborhood, together with “finishing the Excessive-Occupancy Automobiles lane on the Staten Island Expressway,” fortifying coastal neighborhoods and increasing “our sewer techniques to cope with the following Superstorm Sandy or Hurricane Ida.”

“Merely put, it’s any such funding that won’t solely save metropolis residents’ money and time, but additionally their properties and lives,” she mentioned.

Emily Cochrane, Catie Edmondson and Nicholas Fandos contributed reporting.