To the artist’s critics, it was unhealthy sufficient that he had secretly filmed hundreds of feminine college students on a Chinese language college campus.

However then he proceeded to rank the ladies “from the prettiest to the ugliest,” stringing collectively round 5,000 grainy clips into an almost eight-hour-long video with numbers on the backside of every picture to point the lady’s rating.

To prime it off, he gave the piece an unambiguous English title: “Uglier and Uglier.”

The work, by the Chinese language artist Music Ta, barely precipitated a ripple when it was exhibited in 2013 at a distinguished artwork area in Beijing. However when the video was lately proven once more as a part of a bunch present on up to date Chinese language video artwork at OCAT Shanghai, a nonprofit museum, it set off a furor in China.

Many referred to as the paintings, titled “Campus Flowers” in Chinese language, a elementary violation of privateness and a misogynistic affront to girls. Because the uproar started final week, the hashtag “Music Ta Campus Flowers” has been seen 100 million instances on Chinese language social media.

The contrasting reactions to Mr. Music’s piece within the area of eight years underlines each the changing perceptions of feminism in China and the evolving function of museums in a rustic the place artwork and its consumption are not confined to the rarefied elite.

Artwork museums and galleries in China have lengthy been accustomed to residing below the prying eyes of presidency censors, and so they have developed through the years many strategies to deal with or circumvent such pressures.

Now, increasingly, such establishments additionally should cope with the rising power of public opinion.

World wide, museums are grappling with how to reply to points like Black Lives Matter, #MeToo and the legacy of colonialism. In China, too, museums should account for social currents in a brand new manner, as a booming array of art institutions serves a quickly rising center class, counting on social media to advertise themselves to those new audiences.

On the identical time, feminist concepts have slowly turn out to be extra mainstream in China, serving to to elucidate why a piece that few discovered objectionable in 2013 may now be seen by many as a repugnant instance of the pure objectification of ladies.

“What sort of environmental forces are cultivating and condoning such shameless folks?” Zhang Ling, a Chinese language movie scholar who teaches at Buy School of the State College of New York, wrote on Weibo, a well-liked Chinese language social media platform. “The so-called ‘freedom of speech’ and ‘artwork creation’ shouldn’t be used as a fig leaf for the despicable.”

On Friday, OCAT Shanghai issued an apology, saying it was withdrawing the work and quickly shutting down the exhibition in order that it may take a while to “mirror” on its errors. Curated by Dai Zhuoqun, the exhibition, titled “The Circular Impact: Video Art 21,” featured works from 21 Chinese language video artists spanning the previous 21 years. The present had been scheduled to run from April 28 to July 11.

“After receiving criticism from everybody, we instantly re-examined the content material of the work and the artist’s rationalization,” the museum mentioned. “We discovered that the idea of the work and its English title have been disrespectful and offensive to girls.”

Inside China’s artwork circles, opinions have been combined. Some raised issues about OCAT Shanghai’s dealing with of the case, contending that the museum may have achieved extra to defend the artist or at the least facilitate a dialogue between Mr. Music and his critics. Others mentioned that misogyny was a deep-rooted difficulty within the artwork world, and that the museum mustn’t have given a platform to amplify Mr. Music’s work from the beginning.

None of these reached on Monday have been keen to talk on the file, given the sensitivity of the problem and likewise basic wariness concerning the Western information media in China. OCAT Shanghai, Mr. Music and Mr. Dai didn’t reply to requests for remark.

The Guangzhou-born Mr. Music, who’s in his early 30s, is named a provocateur — a “unhealthy boy” of kinds. His work typically pokes enjoyable on the political paperwork, and on at least one occasion censors pulled a chunk of his from a government-backed present.

In a single critically praised video set up, referred to as “Who Is the Loveliest Guy?” (2014), Mr. Music persuades Chinese language naval officers to experience a curler coaster and information their efforts to remain severe and composed. The set up was included within the New Museum’s Triennial in 2018.

Like many artists, Mr. Music has sought to problem notions of what he sees as political correctness. In a 2013 performance art piece titled “One Is Not as Good because the Different,” he ranked 30 younger feminine volunteers from “stunning to ugly” and had them stroll down a runway earlier than an viewers in that order. The work was a part of a broader venture by Mr. Music referred to as “The Origin of Inequality.”

In a 2019 interview with the Chinese language-language version of Vice, Mr. Music described the method of making “Uglier and Uglier” (2012). He mentioned he had employed three assistants to assist him with the arduous process of sorting the footage into folders starting from “most stunning” to “completely unforgivably” ugly.

The ultimate minimize didn’t embrace the 2 girls he deemed to be probably the most stunning; he had saved these for himself to take pleasure in, he mentioned. To the accusation that he was objectifying girls, he responded by saying that everybody objectifies everybody else, no matter gender. He additionally mentioned he noticed himself as a feminist, although he admitted to not absolutely understanding “girls’s points.”

Few objected when “Uglier and Uglier” was exhibited in Beijing as a part of the UCCA Middle for Up to date Artwork’s 2013 present “On | Off,” a large-scale group exhibition that includes the work of fifty younger Chinese language artists.

One of many few folks to lift issues on the time was the curator Tang Zehui. In a evaluation of the UCCA present for The New York Times’ Chinese-language website, Ms. Tang referred to as out Mr. Music for utilizing his digital camera as a “weapon” of energy. She identified that the ladies he photographed had no likelihood to defend themselves, and had thus turn out to be victims of his work.

“It’s certainly annoying that artwork is simply too obsessive about political correctness,” Ms. Tang wrote in 2013. “However in terms of following the fundamental values ​​of human universality, artists haven’t any immunity.”